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South Carolina





1. http://easley.patch.com/articles/former-slave-honored-for-service-to-confederacy#photo-9056209

At a Feb. 5 service held in the Craig Family Cemetery near the Old Pickens Presbyterian Church, the Sons of Confederate Veterans honored former slave Henry Craig for his service to the Confederacy during the War Between the States. Representing the Colonel Joseph Norton Camp 45 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, past commander Harry B. Mays, Jr. placed a marker and a Confederate flag on Craig’s grave during the service. Confederate reenactors honored Craig with a gun salute. ---------------------

(Not found in CWS&S, Not found in Footnote)




2. Jacob, cook, Enlisted, Charleston Batt'n of Infantry, June 1862 at James Island by Capt. Simmons. Muster roll of July - Aug. 1863, present. Last paid Capt. Smith to June 30, 1863. (CSR)

3. James Adams -- 1st South Carolina Cav. pay Roll of enrolled free Negroes on duty at Infirmary Camp, 1st S. C. Cav. Lancaster C. H. (courthouse) South Carolina. Enrollment to July 1, 1864, dated Aug, 12. 1864. Enrolled Apr. 12, 1864, at Columbus by Lt. Benson.
Capacity: ostler(?)
Time 2 months 12 days
Amount of pay -- 26 dollars 38 cents
Signature-- mark
(Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

4. Negro --- 1st Artillery, appears on a report of operations and casualties Fort Sumter, August 23, 1863.
Report date: Ft. Sumter, Aug. 24, 1863.
Remarks: Severely wounded head (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

5. John Wilson Buckner -- Co. I. 1st Artillery Enlisted March 27, 1863 at Franklin S. C. for 3 years. Roll of May and June 1863-- present, July and August 1863--present wounded in action at Battery Wagner, July 14, 1863. Roll of Sept and Oct 1863 --present, Nov. and Dec. 1863 --present. Jan. to Oct 19, 1864 -- present Deserted Oct. 19, 1864.

It is believed that J. W. Buckner served with other South Carolina Confederate units, Capt. P.O. Gaillard’s company and later became a scout in Capt. Boykin’s company, both South Carolina regiments; however we have not been able to prove service in these units at this time.

"His sons invested heavily in Confederate war bonds, and his grandson John Wilson Buckner was allowed to enlist in the South Carolina Artillery because of "personal associations and a sterling family reputation...." [pp. 305-307]
Source: Michael P. Johnson and James L. Roark, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1984)
(CSR, CWS&S)




6. Negro Ellick-- Farrier. 1st Light Artillery Capt. Mayhams Ward's South Carolina Lt. Artillery. Roll dated Sept - Oct 1862. Present. Never paid. Owed for use of horse for 2 months, @ $.40 a day. Enlisted for the war, Georgetown dist. (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)



2nd South Carolina Inf. Regt.
7. The Mayor, yesterday, continued for ten days the case in which Franklin Page is charged with stabbing Isaac Rogers. The parties, who are free men of color, accompanied the Second South Carolina Regiment from that State

(The Daily Dispatch: April 30, 1861. Richmond Dispatch. 4 pages, by Cowardin & Hammersley. Richmond. April 30, 1861. Microfilm. Ann Arbor, Mi : Proquest. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. Submitted by David Upton)



8. James Bright-- Musician. 1st South Carolina Inf Regt. (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army) Colored man discharged because of blindness in one eye. Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861. Discharded Dec. 26, 1861 by order of Lt. Col. Hamilton. (CSR, CWSS)

9. Tobias Dawson -- Free Colored. Musician Co. K. 1st South Carolina Inf Regt. (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army) Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861, Charleston, "for The War". Present on all cards dated to Nov. and Dec. 1863. Cards dated Jan. to Apr. 1863. Deserted In Charleston absent without leave. (CWSS, CSRs)

10. William Emery/Emory -- Musician Co. I, 1st South Carolina Inf Regt. (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army) Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861, Richmond, "for the war" Free colored man. Present on all cards to Jan. & Feb 1863 " absent on furlough" Admitted to Episcopal Hospital, Williamburg Aug. 10, 1863 for "Debiltas" returned to duty Aug. 17, 1863. June 20, 1864 admitted to Jackson hospital "V.S. left side of face" furloughed July 18, 1864 for 30 days. (CWSS, CSR)

11.Seymour Gardner -- Musician Co. H. 1st South Carolina Inf Regt. (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army) Free colored man. Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861 at Columbia South Carolina. Present on all cards until Jan and Feb. 1863, absent without leave. (CWSS, CSRs)

12. John Graves -- Musician, Co. F. 1st South Carolina Inf Regt. (McCreary's) (1st Provisional Army) Enlisted Jan. 15, 1862, at Suffolk, Va. for the war. Desrted on or about Dec. 1, 1862. (CSR, CWSS)

13. P. Mazyck -- 1st South Carolina Inf. Regt (Hagood's) Enlisted about July 1861. Colored band. (CSR, CWSS)

14. Wash Herron -- Slave -- Cook, Forager and Nurse. 3rd South Caroilna Inf. RegtArticle found at http://www.afrigeneas.com/forum-newspaper/index.cgi/md/read/id/97/sbj/negro-confederate-veteran-black-dispatch/

15. Henry Brown -- Musician. Co. F. 8th South Carolina Inf. Regt. Enlisted May 10, 1861, South Carolina. for 12 months. Pay Jan. 1862 - May 1862 $54.00.

Transferred to 21st South Carolina Infantry F&S. Musician. Nov. & Dec. 1862 present. There are also cards for a Henry Brown in Co. H. attached to the cards of Henry Brown F&S. These cards have Brown enlisting in the 21st Infantry at Morris Island July 1, 1862 "for the war." Muster roll for Jan. & Feb. 1864 show him as absent sick. Cards from April 1864 to August 1864 show him as "absent cook at Div. Hospital." Cards of Sept. Oct show him as present.

It appears there could very possibly be two colored men named Henry Brown in the same unit. An article can be found at http://dixieoutfitters.com/p/-dad-brown-dead?ol=no&pi=2673&ri=2669. Also a scan of Henry Brown's obit can be found at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=65157133
(CSR, articles as noted.)



16. Werry, Weary Wary. Clyburn -- 12th South Carolina Inf. Regt. Documentation at http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2008/07/20/84537/confederate-army-veteran-and-slave.html Photo at http://kevinmweeks.com/wordpress/?tag=weary-clyburn




17. Middleton --Colored. Co. I, Drummer Capt Gilchrist's Co, Heavy Artillery (Gist Guard)
Captain Gilchrists Co. Heavy Artillery

18. Charles-- Musician. Captain Gilchrists Co. Heavy Artillery
Enlisted April 2, 1862. Roll dated March and April of 1863. Present. (Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina)

19. Frank Page, teamster. Cavalry Battalion, Holcombe Legion South Carolina. Age 25 years. Capt. William M. Shannons Company, Co. E. Enlisted Sept. 21st 1861 for a period of 12 months. Free Colored. Last card dated Jan. 1, 1862 "present" no cards after this date.
(CWSS, Footnote)



Unknown unit or service --

20. Jim Bing -- Conscript, Free Person. Colored. Appears on a Roll of non- commissioned officers, employed on extra duty at Mt. Pleasant, S. C. during the month of Oct 1864.
Nature of service -- Teamster
From -- Oct. 1st, 1864
To -- Oct. 31st, 1864 (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

21. James Bing -- FPC may be same as Jim Bing above.

22. Sam Alston-- Free Negro conscript. At ???? factory, Charleston, South Carolina. Laborer. Dated 6-30-64. Period 5/14/31(?) Rate $11.00 mo. (?) (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service)

23. Wilson -- Slave. Appears on a receipt roll for pay dated from 2/1 to 2/29/64
Rate of pay $35. 00, Signed C.I. Colecock,, Grahamville, S. C. (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

24. Lucius-- Slave. Appears on a receipt roll for pay. 2/1-2/29 1864
Rate of pay $35.00
Grahamville, S. C. (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

25. Thomas Tobe-- Free Conscript. Appears on a muster roll of general Hospital No. 1, Columbia South Carolina, July -Aug. 1864. Attached to hospital June 4, 1864. Nurse. (Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)

26. Hilliard Johnson -- Free Negro Conscript. Unable to read notes, but may have deserted at/to Fort Sumter, May 10, 1864. Another card shows the name as Hezekiah(Unfiled Papers and Slips Belonging in Confederate Compiled Service Records)



These men are listed simply as Negro. No explanation. From the operations around Charleston Harbor, 1863.

27. Negro--- appears on a report of operations and casualties Fort Sumter, August 23, 1863.
Report date: Ft. Sumter, Aug. 24, 1863.
Remarks: Wounded slightly.

28. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Killed Nov. 24.

29. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Wounded Nov. 24, severely

30. Negro--- appears on a report of operations and casualties Fort Sumter, August 23, 1863. Report date Ft. Sumter, Aug. 23, 1863.
Report date: Ft. Sumter, Aug. 24, 1863.
Remarks: Severely wounded, head

31. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Wounded Nov.8. Severely

32. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Wounded Nov. 7, dangerously

33. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Wounded Nov. 7, severely

34. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Wounded Nov. 8, dangerously

35. Negro--- appears on a list of officers and men killed or wounded at Ft. Sumter, S. C. Oct 26 -Nov. 25, 1863.
List dated Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863
Remarks: Wounded Oct. 26, head, severely

More notes on the above. Listed under Negroes. It is impossible to get an accurate count of these men. At this time no total number has been found for the time period of of Oct. - Nov. 1863, we are using the numeber 11 as shown below for the figure of this time period.

1. 3 wounded Nov. 8, slightly.
2. 4 wounded severely Nov. 21.
3. 2 killed Nov. 21.
4. 2 wounded slightly Nov. 21

***********************************************************

Scott, Robert N. (1890). "Return of Casualties in the Confederate forces at Fort Sumter, August 12 – December 11 (1863)". The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series I. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office) XXVIII (Part I): 650. http://0-cdl.library.cornell.edu.source.unco.edu/moa/browse.monographs/waro.html. Retrieved March 30, 2011

Number of Negroes killed at Fort Sumter Jan. - June. 1863 -- 5
Number Wounded ------------ 23


Page 70. Total Number of Negroes employed at Fort Sumter January - June 1863 , 1,979.

The figure above may or may not be representative of all the Negroes employed in and around Charleston Harbor. It is the only total number given that has been located at this time, but there are many references to various numbers of workers in and around the various Confederate installations of the harbor during the 1863 campaign. Actual Union attempts to retake Fort Sumter did not begin until April 7, 1863 meaning those laborers who came before that may or may not have actually saw any combat

It is impossible without names to tell if these numbers are duplicates of workers from one area to another. We would say it is a good average number to use until a more concrete number is found. (SHAPE)



36. Julius Bailey -- Negro. See manuscript 5534. Dec. 1863 - Jan 1864. Kinlochs Landing Christ Church, Charleston, S. C.

37. Joe -- Colored teamster. Capt. Walters Co. (Washington Art.0 South Carolina Lt. Art. Roster of May and June 1862. Present. Fold3

38 A unique feature of the Confederate Memorial Day celebration at Newberry.S. C , was the presentation to an old Negro, Ned Gilliam, of a badge for heroism. Gilliam, at the risk of his life, recovered the body of his master from the field of battle at Fredericksburg, and dug a temporary grave for it. As soon as possible he carried the body back home to South Carolina for final burial. The Crisis, A Record of the Darkser Races. Vol. 2, June 1911 Number 2

39. Cuffie-- Teamster, Capt. Walter's Co. S.C. Lgt. Art. Present on cards for may and June 1862. card for Nov. Dec. 1863 shows he enlisted at Jacksonboro, Sept. 1, 1863, for the war. On this card he is listed as a cook. Present on card of Nov. Dec. 1864. Fold3

40. George -- Teamster, Capt. Walter's Co. S.C. Lgt. Art. Present on card for may and June 1862. No other cards. Fold3

41. Mike -- Teamster, Capt. Walter's Co. S.C. Lgt. Art. Present on card for Nov. and Dec. 1863. Enlisted Dec. 12, 1863 for the war. Fold3

42. Lotte -- Colored Cook, Capt. Walter's Co. S.C. Lgt. Art. On a card dated Nov. and Dec. 1863. Enlisted Sept. , 1863, at Jacksonboro "for the war." last paid by Capt. Ward to Oct . 1863. Not stated if present or absent on muster roll for may and June 1864. Present July and August of 1864. Paid to June 30, 1864. Present on Sept. and Oct 1864, paid to Aug31, 1864. This card has him enlisting Aug. 1, 1863. Card for Nov. and Dec. 1864 has him present paid top Oct. 1, 1864. No cards after this date. Fold3

43. Tom --




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